European Hornbeam
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The wood of European Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus) is very sturdy and hard, which allows it to be used to make tool handles, pianos, axils, screws, and butcher's blocks.

Up to 60 feet tall and 40 feet wide
Flowers, Fruit, Foliage
Bark is smooth, gray, and fluted. Dark green leaves are thick and doubly-serrated. Fruit is a ribbed, edible nutlet.
Pests & Diseases
None serious
Landscape Use
Excellent shade tree, hedge, screen, windbreak, or topiary
Care Practices
Plant in moist, well-drained soil in an area with full sun to part shade. These trees are moderately cold hardy and drought resistant once established.
Native Range
Europe, Asia Minor, and southeast England